In the early 1970s, the federal government passed the "Occupational Safety and Health Act," which addressed workplace health and safety concerns that had been emerging in the US for decades.
The effort served to "protect our most precious resources--human beings--to assure so far as possible every working man and woman in the nation safe and healthfulworking conditions, and to preserve our human resources."
This law also established new agency, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), which was set up as a prevention-oriented research institute responsible for identifying occupational hazards, conducting research and field studies, and conveying the results to OSHA, the Mine Safety Health Administration, other federal agencies, and professionals working in the field. A second objective was to provide training programs based on the results of research and study for OH&S professionals.
Awareness of occupational hazards and interest in worker protection had increased in the public and private sectors. Through needs assessments conducted at NIOSH, it was apparent there was a shortage of qualified industrial health and safety specialists to meet the challenge of worker health and safety. In response to federal goals, and in an effort to alleviate manpower shortages, NIOSH established 12 Centers of Learning at selected Universities across the country.
These Educational Resource...